The Fanack Chronicle of the Middle East & North Africa provides comprehensive, balanced and thoroughly researched information in Arabic and English about history, politics, economic development and social issues in 21 MENA countries. The Country files follow a set structure and provide readers with everything from basic facts and figures and background on ethnic and … Continue reading “Country Files”
The latest poll published by the Group for Analyzing and Measuring Opinion Trends in Iran indicates the emergence of a shift in religious beliefs in the Islamic Republic towards secularism. Read more. The post Iran’s secular shift: new survey reveals huge changes in religious beliefs appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fire in Moria camp displaced thousands of refugees residing in it; something that requires a review of European asylum policy. The post Fire destroys Moria refugee camp appeared first on Fanack.com.
The new political system has only succeeded in masking political cronyism and maintaining regional inequalities. And unless the new government addresses the economic grievances of the interior, nostalgia for authoritarianism will continue to grow. Wealthier citizens also frequently claim that Tunisians aren’t ready for democracy, or at least not a parliamentary one. The post Tunisia’s … Continue reading “Tunisia’s Fragile Government Charged with Saving Economy”
Macron’s efforts in Lebanon collide with the Lebanese political reality and France’s image as a former colonial power. The post Can Macron Save Lebanon From Its Political Class? appeared first on Fanack.com.
Conservative and Reform Judaism are more liberal. Conservative Judaism follows a traditional interpretation of the religion. There are also secular Jews who do not follow rabbinical laws, yet consider themselves Jewish since they are born to a Jewish family and raised in the Jewish culture with a Jewish identity. The post The History of Judaism … Continue reading “The History of Judaism”
Arab leaders are cautious towards normalization with Israel due to the Arab public opinion towards Palestine. The post Ignore at your peril: Palestine ranks high in Arab public opinion appeared first on Fanack.com.
In this special file, Fanack presents several articles, diving into the details around the various issues related to the Gulf Cooperation Council. The post Gulf Cooperation Council appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fanack presents this special report about religions to identify a vital element in the composition of identity and conflicts in this region. The post Religions in the Middle East appeared first on Fanack.com.
The Kurds, constitute one of the oldest nations of the Middle East, as well as the largest nation in the world without their own country. They are in the spotlight since 2014 as they fiercely defend their territory against attacks by the IS. The post Kurds in the Middle East appeared first on Fanack.com.
While the World Cup is being leveraged to divide countries, sports diplomacy can also bring countries together, as it has Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. Fanack created this Sport and Politics Special to highlight both the love of sport in the MENA region and sport as a vehicle for power and corruption. The post Sports and … Continue reading “Sports and Politics”
Fanack presents an overview of the geography of Iran including its state borders, climate, natural resources, land fertility and energy. The post Geography of Iran appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fanack presents in-depth insight into several topics concerning the conflict, including Arab-Israeli negotiations, Arab-Israeli wars, Palestinian refugees, and Israeli settlements. The post Arab-Palestinian-Israeli Conflict appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fanack presents the history of music in the MENA region and will continue to follow the new musicians, songwriters and performers who are emerging, whether they follow traditional rules or break new ground, to reflect the changing realities in the region. The post Music in the Middle East & North Africa appeared first on Fanack.com.
The UAE deal has different dimensions on the Arab-Israeli relations and the relations between Arab rulers and their people. To learn more about these dimensions, click the link. The post What’s next for Arab-Israeli relations after the UAE deal? appeared first on Fanack.com.
The UAE, for one, made peace with Israel partly to acquire the advanced F-35 jets, which the U.S has long denied the Emirates in order to preserve Israel’s significant military advantage in the region. Netanyahu, who allegedly agreed to allow the UAE to acquire F-35s, denied that concession days after the peace deal was announced, … Continue reading “The UAE Abandons Palestinians by Striking Deal with Israel”
There is a sense that all parties want to take advantage of this, onshore and offshore, before the US elections. It is oddly this vacuum, rather than fossil fuels, that is fanning regional rivalries. With the US withdrawn, Moscow continuing its opaque brinkmanship and the EU split over Turkey, the scene is unfortunately set for … Continue reading “Turkey-Greece conflict in eastern Mediterranean is less about gas than vaccuum left by Trump”
On 9 July 2004, the Court formulated as its opinion that, first, Israel should immediately cease the construction of the wall and repeal or render ineffective all measures taken which unlawfully restrict or impede the exercise of the rights of the inhabitants of the West Bank, and secondly, Israel was found to be under an … Continue reading “International Law and the Wall”
Settlements are Jewish-Israeli communities established on territories that Israel occupied during the 1967 June War. The Hebrew and Arabic words for a settlement, hitnahalut and mustawtana respectively, are loaded with deep ideological meaning. The post Israeli Settlements appeared first on Fanack.com.
In the case of Khan al-Ahmar, the threat of demolition serves yet another goal, that of expanding settlements. The Bedouin village is situated in an area Israel has designated as ‘E1’, the largest planned settlement in the West Bank. The post Khan al-Ahmar Reignites International Row Over Israeli Illegal Settlements appeared first on Fanack.com.
Today, normalizing diplomatic ties between Saudi Arabia and Israel looks imminent. The kingdom’s main motivation for doing so is to create a formidable alliance against Iran, which both countries consider their arch nemesis. The post The Death of the Arab Peace Initiative appeared first on Fanack.com.
Aside from embezzlement and corruption, al-Otaiba was implicated in even more serious scandals. The Huffington Post, which was provided with another batch of the leaked emails, broke the story of al-Otaiba supporting a major effort to raise doubts about Qatar in the minds of Americans since 2014, a mission in which he has been largely … Continue reading “Yousef al-Otaiba: the UAE’s Jack of All Trades”
In effort to find a peaceful solution to the conflict, countless rounds of negotiations between the warring parties have taken place unsuccessfully, increasing the frustration of the Palestinian population ever more stifled by the Israeli expanding occupation. The post Arab-Palestinian-Israeli Negotiations and Wars appeared first on Fanack.com.
As the North Sea reserves of gas dwindle and Europe worries about its dependence on Russian energy, alternatives sources of easily accessible energy are becoming increasingly attractive. If regional geopolitics and unrest do not get in the way, the Eastern Mediterranean could hold the key to Europe’s energy worries. The region has an estimated 122 … Continue reading “Energy Race in the Eastern Med: Pandora’s Box or Path to Peace?”
Fouda spoke out against the Supreme Council of Armed Forces and Mohamed Morsi. Later, he became critical of the military-led coalition by General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. In Egypt’s current media environment, which has become more restrictive than under Mubarak, it is unlikely that he would find work at home. The post Yosri Fouda: Journalist, TV … Continue reading “Yosri Fouda: Journalist, TV Host and Revolutionary Hero”
Palestinian Refugees – Sixty years after their exodus, Palestinian refugees constitute the ‘oldest’ and most numerous refugee population in the world … The post Palestinian Refugees appeared first on Fanack.com.
The political class is also divided over whether to hold early elections. These divisions reflect the fault lines that date back to the withdrawal of Syrian troops from the country in 2005. The post Lebanon Between Two Fires: Political Suicide or Giving Enough Time to Civil Society? appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fanack provides an overview of Algeria’s geography including it climate, natural reserves, natural resources. The post Geography appeared first on Fanack.com.
Bin Zayed grew up witnessing the rapid transformation of the UAE from huts to Hilton hotels and skyscrapers. Along the way, his father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan, elder brother Khalifa and he learned two valuable lessons: the UAE cannot survive without outside protection and they need to remain strategically significant to keep mainly their Western … Continue reading “Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, the UAE’s Master Influencer”
In a historic turn of events and after the endorsement of his decade-long rivals in the 14 March alliance, army commander Samir Geagea and Future Movement leader Saad Hariri, Aoun was elected president on 31 October at the 46th electoral session of the Lebanese parliament. Now dubbed ‘the father of all’, Aoun is attempting to … Continue reading “Who is Michel Aoun?”
Nada Faris made the conscious decision to write in English to reach a global audience, and to avoid risking the nuances of her work getting lost in translation. Her writings shifted her perspective on writing and empowered the audience with knowledge that would make them think, question and discuss. The post Nada Faris: the Anglowaiti … Continue reading “Nada Faris: the Anglowaiti”
The vast majority of the population is Sunni Muslim. The largest minority consists of Coptic Christians, but there are no recent official statistics for their number. According to the census of 1986, 6 percent of population was Coptic Christian. Recent estimates suggest that Copts account for 8 to 10 percent of the domestic population, but … Continue reading “Population of Egypt”
An overview of Bahrain’s population, including a description of its ethnicities and other demographics. The post Population of Bahrain appeared first on Fanack.com.
Given the country’s large surface area, the overall population density is low, with sixteen inhabitants per square kilometre. The concentration of people in the north, which makes up only 20 percent of the country, has, however, led to overpopulation and associated problems of housing and transport. The post Population of Algeria appeared first on Fanack.com.
Rahbani’s plays satirized the political and social reality of the time. Rahbani has never hid his political affiliations. He is the ‘unusual’ artist, critical of his peers who do not express their political views for fear of losing their audience. The post Ziad Rahbani: The Artist Whose Biography Tells Lebanon’s History appeared first on Fanack.com.
Fanack provides an overview of Palestine’s politics and governance, including the presidency, the executive branch, the legislative, the judicial and the local government. The post Governance & Politics of Palestine appeared first on Fanack.com.
Overview of governance in Oman: the monarchy, the executive, the legislative, the legal system, local government, military. The post Governance & Politics of Oman appeared first on Fanack.com.
Massoud Barzani’s term as president of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, since 2005, ended in August 2015. For the second time. Massoud Barzani was destined to lead Kurdistan, coming as he did from the influential Barzani clan, which rose to power in the early 19th century. The post Massoud Barzani — Destined to Lead Kurdistan … Continue reading “Massoud Barzani — Destined to Lead Kurdistan”
Two decades on, the system and its leadership seem incapable of resolving these fundamental issues. Opposition parties are allowed to compete in elections, but they are unable to gain significant power on account of the way the system functions and the fact that the military and security establishment still decides important issues. The post Governance … Continue reading “Governance & Politics”
The UAE used its oil revenues (discovered in the early 1960s) and a growing network of commercial and financial ties to attract global investment, skilled expatriate professionals, and migrant workers to achieve phenomenal economic development in a record short time. The post Economy of the UAE appeared first on Fanack.com.
Turkey remains highly dependent on imported oil and gas but is pursuing energy relationships with a broader set of international partners and taking steps to increase use of domestic energy sources including renewables, nuclear, and coal. The post Economy appeared first on Fanack.com.
His first official position after the 2011 fall of autocrat Muammar Qaddafi was as the minister of housing and utilities at the General National Congress (GNC). The GNC was dissolved two years later and replaced by the internationally recognized House of Representatives (HoR), following parliamentary elections on 25 June 2014. Al-Sarraj was elected to the … Continue reading “Libyan PM Fayez al-Sarraj: Can Former Architect Rebuild a Shattered Country?”
COVID-19 historical data, charts & graphs of the virus in the Middle East and North Africa. Includes updates on new cases, deaths and number of recoveries. The post Coronavirus in the Middle East & North Africa appeared first on Fanack.com.
With Lebanon hosting well over a million refugees, Labaki said that the sights of begging street children compelled her to produce a film about their daily reality. Motivated to expose their ordeal, Labaki spent four years building relationships with Beirut’s most marginalized families. On her journey, she saw the dark confines where refugees and undocumented … Continue reading “Nadine Labaki’s Anthem of Resistance”
The group notably ignored advice from Tehran not to capture Sanaa back in 2014. Al-Houthi’s independence thus suggests that he is primarily driven by a domestic agenda rather than a desire to help Hezbollah and Iran exert control over the region. That could change, of course, if the Saudis leave him no choice but to … Continue reading “The Unexpected Rise of Yemen’s Abdel Malek al-Houthi”
Following the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, he claimed that the regime of President Bashar al-Assad was responsible for creating the radical jihadist al-Nusra Front. However, he remains politically active, despite confirming Taymour as his political heir in March 2017. For example, he blamed Saudi Arabia for the resignation of Lebanese Prime … Continue reading “Lebanon’s ‘Kingmaker’ Walid Jumblatt is Keeping it in the Family”
There is no excerpt because this is a protected post. The post Protected: COVID-19 in the MENA Region: All the Data appeared first on Fanack.com.
Over the past three years, Nasrallah’s support in the Islamic world has experienced a sharp decline. Many observers believe that the leader’s recent actions and stances have been a highly effective way to squander decades of hard-won popularity. The post The Declining Popularity of Hezbollah-leader Hassan Nasrallah appeared first on Fanack.com.
Throughout the political upheaval of the past seven years, el-Tayeb has succeeded in maintaining al-Azhar’s key role in Egypt’s power dynamics, by strongly supporting the regime and the army, preventing major internal changes at al-Azhar and ensuring Islam retains a central role in public policies. The post Grand Imam Ahmed el-Tayeb: A Key Player in … Continue reading “Grand Imam Ahmed el-Tayeb: A Key Player in Post-Revolution Egypt”
In recent years, Al-Qalaa has endeavored not only to present herself as an artist whose main job is to sing, but she has also taken initiatives and participated in activities that contribute to public social work. This includes visiting the Sudanese victims of floods and rains in 2015, providing them with aid, performing concerts, the … Continue reading “The Ongoing Debate About The Biography, Career and Femininity of Singer Nada Al-Qalaa”