Amnesty, Hillary Clinton ask Buhari, Nigerian Army to stop killing #EndSARS protesters

London, Oct. 21, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Hillary Clinton, the former First Lady of the United States of America and Amnesty International have expressed deep concern over report that security forces open fire on harmless protesters in Lagos, Nigeria and called on President Muhammadu Buhari and the Nigerian army to stop killing those protesting against police brutality in … Continue reading “Amnesty, Hillary Clinton ask Buhari, Nigerian Army to stop killing #EndSARS protesters”

Ex-Burundi president, Pierre Buyoya sentenced to life in prison over 1993 killing of rival

London, Oct. 21, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Burundi’s top court has sentenced a former president to life in prison for the 1993 murder of another president who had defeated him in elections, an attack that triggered a 10-year civil war in which about 300,000 people were killed. Ex-Burundi president, Pierre Buyoya sentenced to life in prison over 1993 … Continue reading “Ex-Burundi president, Pierre Buyoya sentenced to life in prison over 1993 killing of rival”

Namibian politician claims Covid-19 ‘was carefully planned by a small group of greedy people to instil fear’

London, Oct. 21, 2020 (AltAfrica)-A Namibian politician claiming Covid-19 does not exist has suspended his father’s funeral, local media reported on Tuesday. Scientists says covid-19 herd immunity is a dangerous fallacyAccording to a report in the daily newspaper The Namibian, Republican party leader, Henk Mudge, said the novel coronavirus officially known as Covid-19 was carefully … Continue reading “Namibian politician claims Covid-19 ‘was carefully planned by a small group of greedy people to instil fear’”

UK to deliberately infect 90 people with coronavirus to test covid-19 vaccine efficacy

London, Oct. 21, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Up to 90 fit people aged 18-30 in London will be deliberately infected with virus in effort to accelerate covid-19 vaccine development. UK Business Secretary Alok Sharma announced on Tuesday Up to 90 volunteers will in London, UK are to take part in the “human challenge” study in London The volunteers will be … Continue reading “UK to deliberately infect 90 people with coronavirus to test covid-19 vaccine efficacy”

Nigeria’s commercial city, Lagos becomes second state to impose 24-hour curfew after anarchists take over protests

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-A 24-hour curfew has been imposed on Nigeria’s commercial capital, Lagos after anti-police brutality protests in the city turned violent after being infiltrated by criminals. Lagos becomes the second Nigerian state to imposed 24-hour curfew after Edo state which imposed such on Monday The governor of Nigeria’s commercial city, Lagos Babajide … Continue reading “Nigeria’s commercial city, Lagos becomes second state to impose 24-hour curfew after anarchists take over protests”

UK begins £80 airport coronavirus testing for outward passengers

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Passengers flying from London Heathrow to Hong Kong and Italy will on Tuesday (Today) October 20, 2020 be the first to have the option of paying for a rapid Covid-19 test before checking in. UK begins £80 airport coronavirus testing for out-going travellers BBC reports that the test will cost £80 … Continue reading “UK begins £80 airport coronavirus testing for outward passengers”

Nigeria warns citizens against travelling, receiving visitors from US, UK, France, over covid-19 upsurge

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Nigeria’s Presidential Task Force on COVID-19 has warned Nigerians to take great precautions while travelling or planning to receive travellers from the United States of America, United Kingdom, India, Russia and France over rising cases of covid-19 Nigeria warns citizens against travelling, receiving visitors from US, UK, France, over covid-19 upsurge The … Continue reading “Nigeria warns citizens against travelling, receiving visitors from US, UK, France, over covid-19 upsurge”

Egypt health minister gets 2nd dose of coronavirus vaccine trial

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Health Minister in Egypt, Hala Zayed has taken the second shot of coronavirus vaccine developed by the Chinese company Sinopharm, Egypt Today reports Egyptian Health Minister Hala Zayed undergoes medical examination before taking the first dose of coronavirus vaccine during trial in the country . The minister took the second dose … Continue reading “Egypt health minister gets 2nd dose of coronavirus vaccine trial”

US agency to finance 2,500MW nuclear plant in South Africa

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-A 2,500MW of nuclear power plant is to be developed in South Africa by NuScale Power LLC, a U.S. nuclear energy technology firm with financial support from the United States International Development Finance Corp. Koeberg nuclear power: US agency to support 2,500MW nuclear plant in South Africa photo-by-Bjorn-Rudner-1 South Africa’s government … Continue reading “US agency to finance 2,500MW nuclear plant in South Africa”

Morocco negotiating with 3 firms over supply of covid-19 vaccine

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Head of Moroccan government, Saad Eddine El Othmani announced on Monday that Morocco is negotiating with three more companies to acquire a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as one is available on the international market. Morocco has already signed other agreements with international companies to secure doses of COVID-19 vaccines once available. Speaking before Parliament, … Continue reading “Morocco negotiating with 3 firms over supply of covid-19 vaccine”

Morocco negotiating with 3 firms over supply covid-19 vaccine

London, Oct. 20, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Head of Moroccan government, Saad Eddine El Othmani announced on Monday that Morocco is negotiating with three more companies to acquire a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as one is available on the international market. Morocco has already signed other agreements with international companies to secure doses of COVID-19 vaccines once available. Speaking before Parliament, … Continue reading “Morocco negotiating with 3 firms over supply covid-19 vaccine”

Red Cross to train Nigeria’s new tactical force-SWAT, as protests continue nationwide

London, Oct. 19, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) will help train Nigeria’s new tactical force -anti robbery squad SWAT as thousands nationwide continued to march against police brutality and in demand of further reforms File: Nigerian RedCross Society @nrcs_ng ,Delta State Branch First Aid training organised by Sapele division for participants … Continue reading “Red Cross to train Nigeria’s new tactical force-SWAT, as protests continue nationwide”

South Africa’s health minister Zweli Mkhize, wife test positive for coronavirus

London, Oct. 19, 2020 (AltAfrica)-South Africa’s health minister, Zweli Mkhize, and his wife have tested positive for COVID-19, his office said late on Sunday. South African Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize who confirms the first case of Coronavirus in South Africa at Parliament in Cape Town, South Africa on March 5, 2020 has by himself … Continue reading “South Africa’s health minister Zweli Mkhize, wife test positive for coronavirus”

Video: Global excitement as Covid-19 vaccines roll off Pfizer production line in Belgium

London, Oct. 19, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Drug giant Pfizer has already manufactured ‘several hundred thousand doses’ of the jab at its plant in Puurs, Belgium, The Mail on Sunday reports Covid vaccines rolling off the Pfizer production line in thousands of tiny bottles (Daily Mail on Sunday)Whizzing off the production line in thousands of tiny bottles – … Continue reading “Video: Global excitement as Covid-19 vaccines roll off Pfizer production line in Belgium”

Nigeria faces crucial week as army begins nationwide drills amidst widespread protests

London, Oct. 18, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Nigerian government faces its toughest test this week as Nigerian army announced commencement of a two-month national exercise-drills at a crucial time of widespread demonstrations against alleged police brutality. Nigeria faces crucial week as army plans nationwide drills amidst nationwide protests Though the army denies the move was part of any … Continue reading “Nigeria faces crucial week as army begins nationwide drills amidst widespread protests”

Ethiopia to distribute 50 million facemasks to 46,000 schools

London, Oct. 18, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Ethiopia’s Ministry of Education announced that it has finalized preparations to distribute 50 million facemasks to 46,000 schools across the country in a bid to resume classes with the necessary precocious measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19.  Ethiopia to distribute 50 million facemasks to 46,000 schools It’s been some six … Continue reading “Ethiopia to distribute 50 million facemasks to 46,000 schools”

Slovakia to test entire population for coronavirus

London, Oct. 18, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Slovakia Prime Minister Igor Matovic said Saturday the eurozone member will test every resident ages 10 and up for the coronavirus, amid an uptick in infections Slovakia to test entire population for coronavirus “Testing will be free of charge,” he told reporters in the country of 5.4 million people, without specifying … Continue reading “Slovakia to test entire population for coronavirus”

ICC arrives Sudan over arrest warrant for Omar al-Bashir, others

London, Oct. 18, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The International Criminal Court’s prosecutor arrived Sudan on Saturday to discuss cooperation with local authorities over bringing to trial those internationally wanted for war crimes and genocide in the country’s Darfur conflict, the Sudanese government said. FILE – In this Sept. 15, 2020 file photo, Sudan’s ousted president Omar al-Bashir sits … Continue reading “ICC arrives Sudan over arrest warrant for Omar al-Bashir, others”

Ghana Traders Association vows to close more foreigners shops

London, Oct. 17, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The Ghana Union Traders Association (GUTA) has announced its decision to close down remaining retail shops belonging to other foreigner nationalities in the country. Nigerian traders in Ghana lament the closure of their retail shops in Ghana. Now Ghana Traders Association has vowed to close more retail shops belonging to other … Continue reading “Ghana Traders Association vows to close more foreigners shops”

#EndSARS: Nigeria to dismiss 37 SARS officers for right violation, brutality

London, Oct. 17, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The Police Service Commission (PSC) has marked 37 operatives of the special anti-robbery squad (SARS) for dismissal. #EndSARS: Nigeria to dismiss 37 SARS officers for right violation, brutalityPSC spokesman Ikechukwu Ani said in a statement that a presidential panel set up on the reform of SARS made the recommendation. He said … Continue reading “#EndSARS: Nigeria to dismiss 37 SARS officers for right violation, brutality”

South Africa reaches 700, 000 Covid-19 infections, 18 370 deaths

London, Oct. 17, 2020 (AltAfrica)-South Africa announced 61 more Covid-19 related deaths and 2 019 new infections on Friday night, which take the death toll in the country to over to 18 370, and infections to seven hundred thousand, two hundred and three (700, 203.) South Africa reaches 700, 000 Covid-19 infections, death 18 370 … Continue reading “South Africa reaches 700, 000 Covid-19 infections, 18 370 deaths”

WTO leadership: With strong support from 79 countries, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala says ‘I feel the wind behind my back’

London, Oct. 17, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Nigeria’s Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala voiced confidence Friday in her quest to lead the crisis-wracked World Trade Organization after all of Africa backed her candidacy, vowing she would champion reform. Nigeria’s Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala speaks during an interview with Reuters in her office in the capital Abuja August 24, 2012. Nigeria is … Continue reading “WTO leadership: With strong support from 79 countries, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala says ‘I feel the wind behind my back’”

#EndSARS: Nigeria sets up special fund to compensate victims of police brutality

London, Oct. 16, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Nigeria has announced a comprehensive proposal to meet the demand of protesting youths demanding reform of the police and end to police brutality in Africa’s most populous nation #EndSARS: Its victory for protesters as Nigerian government sets up special fund to compensate victims of police brutality. Protests against police brutality have … Continue reading “#EndSARS: Nigeria sets up special fund to compensate victims of police brutality”

South Africa extends covid-19 relief grants to 6 million unemployed

 London, Oct. 16, 2020 (AltAfrica)-South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announced Thursday that his government will extend relief grants to 6 million of the country’s unemployed who have been hurt by the economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 outbreak. FILE — In this Thursday, June 20, 2019 file photo, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa delivers his … Continue reading “South Africa extends covid-19 relief grants to 6 million unemployed”

France Returns 25,500 Rare Artefacts, Fossils to Morocco

London, Oct. 16, 2020 (AltAfrica)-France has returned to Morocco close to 25,500 rare archaeological artefacts and fossils.  France Returns 25,500 Rare Artifacts, Fossils to Morocco The recovery is part of the Ministry of Culture’s plan to protect Morocco’s heritage and fight against the illicit traffic of cultural property. Customs authorities in Arles and Perpignan intercepted … Continue reading “France Returns 25,500 Rare Artefacts, Fossils to Morocco”

Scientists says covid-19 herd immunity is a dangerous fallacy

London, Oct. 16, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Global experts have written an open letter to The Lancet medical journal warning the herd immunity approach to combatting Covid-19 is a “dangerous fallacy” that is not backed by science. Scientists says covid-19 herd immunity is a dangerous fallacyEighty researchers from fields including epidemiology, virology, health policy, sociology and mathematical modelling … Continue reading “Scientists says covid-19 herd immunity is a dangerous fallacy”

Quarantine for people returning to UK slashed to seven days

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)–Quarantine for travellers returning to the UK will reportedly be slashed to seven days amid Government plans to overhaul travel restrictions. Travellers arriving United Kingdom are now required to quarantine-self isolate for just seven days instead of fourteen days previous (Daily Mail)Anyone arriving from overseas must currently quarantine in UK (self-isolate) for 14 … Continue reading “Quarantine for people returning to UK slashed to seven days”

London placed under tighter restrictions from Friday night after upsurge in covid-19 cases

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Million of people in London  will face tougher Covid restrictions from Saturday onwards, moving from Tier 1 to Tier 2, local MPs have been told as infection rates in the capital continue to increase, multiple sources have confirmed. London to face tighter Covid restrictions from Friday night (REUTERS/ES)The health minister Helen … Continue reading “London placed under tighter restrictions from Friday night after upsurge in covid-19 cases”

More Ghanaians apply for firearms license less than two months to general election

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Executive Secretary of the National Commission on Small Arms and Light Weapons in Ghana, Jones Borteye Applerh has expressed deep worry over the increasing number of Ghanaians applying to own firearms Small Arms Commission boss worried more Ghanaians apply for firearmsHis comments comes less than two months to the presidential election … Continue reading “More Ghanaians apply for firearms license less than two months to general election”

Trump’s 14 year-old son, Barron tested positive for COVID-19

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Donald Trump’s 14-year-old son, Barron, has tested positive for COVID-19 but exhibited no symptoms after both of his parents contracted the virus, first lady Melania Trump said on Wednesday. Trump’s 14 year-old son, Barron tested positive for COVID-19In an essay posted on the White House website, first lady Melania Trump said she … Continue reading “Trump’s 14 year-old son, Barron tested positive for COVID-19”

Intelsat announces space engineering scholarship for 20 African students

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)–Intelsat is sponsoring scholarships, each worth thousands of dollars, for 20 students in Africa to access XinaBox’s dedicated space STEM kits and educational programs, which culminate in students designing, building and launching satellites into space. Intelsat announces scholarship for 20 African students “Building the pipeline of the next generation of satellite … Continue reading “Intelsat announces space engineering scholarship for 20 African students”

More Ghanaians apply for firearms less than two months to presidential election

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Executive Secretary of the National Commission on Small Arms and Light Weapons in Ghana, Jones Borteye Applerh has expressed deep worry over the increasing number of Ghanaians applying to own firearms Small Arms Commission boss worried more Ghanaians apply for firearmsHis comments comes less than two months to the presidential election … Continue reading “More Ghanaians apply for firearms less than two months to presidential election”

South African parastatal loses 33 officials to Covid-19, 1,555 others infected

London, Oct. 15, 2020 (AltAfrica)-A government parastatal in South Africa, the Social Development Department has lost 33 officials to Covid-19 while another 1,555 others are currently battling with the virus. Social Development Minister Lindiwe Zulu. This emerged when the department and its entities appeared before the social development portfolio committee on Wednesday. Briefing the committee, … Continue reading “South African parastatal loses 33 officials to Covid-19, 1,555 others infected”

World Bank approves $12 bln for covid-19 vaccines, treatments in developing countries

London, Oct. 14, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The World Bank Group on Tuesday approved $12 billion in new funding for developing countries to finance the purchase and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, tests and treatments for their citizens. World Bank approves $12 bln for covid-19 vaccines, treatments in developing countries The financing plan, part of $160 billion in total resources … Continue reading “World Bank approves $12 bln for covid-19 vaccines, treatments in developing countries”

Egypt rules out second lockdown amidst global covid-19 surge

London, Oct. 14, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Egypt will in no circumstances reinstate a full or partial lockdown if coronavirus infections surge once again, Egypt’s Health Minister Hala Zayed told the 67th session of the World Health Organisation Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean Tuesday. Egypt’s Minister of Health Hala Zayed (Photo: Al-Ahram) “This is the lesson we … Continue reading “Egypt rules out second lockdown amidst global covid-19 surge”

US, Europe turn to rapid but less accurate antigen tests to contain second wave of COVID-19

London, Oct. 14, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Countries straining to contain a second wave of COVID-19 are turning to faster, cheaper but less accurate (Antigen) tests to avoid the delays and shortages that have plagued efforts to diagnose and trace those infected quickly. US, Europe turn to rapid but less accurate antigen tests to contain second wave of … Continue reading “US, Europe turn to rapid but less accurate antigen tests to contain second wave of COVID-19”

Vaccinated British minister, Kemi Badenoch wants ethnic-minority to sign for covid-19 vaccine trials

London, Oct. 13, 2020 (AltAfrica)-UK equalities Minister, Kemi Badenoch, who is herself volunteering wants more British people belonging to ethnic minorities to sign up for coronavirus vaccine trials. British equalities Minister Kemi Badenoch has volunteered for covid-19 vaccine trials (BEIS/BBC)“At home, we have to ensure every community trusts a future vaccine to be sage and that it … Continue reading “Vaccinated British minister, Kemi Badenoch wants ethnic-minority to sign for covid-19 vaccine trials”

American rapper, Kanye West joins global support for #EndSARS protest in Nigeria

London, Oct. 13, 2020 (AltAfrica)– Kanye West, Rapper and United States presidential candidate has lend his voice spoke out against police brutality in Nigeria in light of the #EndSARS protest sweeping across the nation. American rapper, Kanye West joins other international celebrities to support #EndSARS protest and condemn police brutality in Nigeria (The Post And Courier via … Continue reading “American rapper, Kanye West joins global support for #EndSARS protest in Nigeria”

Ghana, India seal $419 million rail deal

London, Oct. 13, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The Ghana Railways Development Authority (GRDA) and Afcons Infrastructure Limited of India, have signed a $419 million railways development contract. Ghana Railways Development Authority and Afcons of India have signed a $419 million rail development dealThe rail deal is for the construction of a 51 kilometres standard gauge railway line from … Continue reading “Ghana, India seal $419 million rail deal”

Ethiopia re-employs retired teachers to cope with pandemic crisis in education

London, Oct. 13, 2020 (AltAfrica)– Ethiopia government has recalled inactive and retired teachers to help cope with the pandemic crisis that has affected the education system in the country Ethiopia re-employs retired teachers to cope with pandemic crisis in educationAccording to the Ministry of Education, as of from Monday October 12, 2020, retired or inactive … Continue reading “Ethiopia re-employs retired teachers to cope with pandemic crisis in education”

G20 to grant 6-month debt relief extension to Africa, other poor countries

London, Oct. 13, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Some G20 creditor countries are prepared to grant 6-month debt relief extension to some poor African and other poorest countries in the world instead of another year of coronavirus debt service relief, World Bank President David Malpass said on Monday. World Bank President David Malpass says G20 may agree to only … Continue reading “G20 to grant 6-month debt relief extension to Africa, other poor countries”

8 women, 3 children die after boat carrying African migrants sinks off Tunisia

London, Oct. 12, 2020 (AltAfrica)-At least 11 migrants from Africa died when their boat sank off Tunisia on Sunday, as they tried to cross the Mediterranean to the Italian island of Lampedusa, a Tunisian security official said. At least 11 die as migrant boat sinks off Tunisia Tunisia’s coast guard recovered the bodies of eight … Continue reading “8 women, 3 children die after boat carrying African migrants sinks off Tunisia”

Covid virus survives for 28 days on banknotes, phone screens, stainless steel-Study

London, Oct. 12, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The virus responsible for Covid-19 can remain infectious on surfaces such as banknotes, phone screens and stainless steel for 28 days, researchers say. New study reveals that Covid virus survives for 28 days on banknotes, phone screens and stainless steel. The result highlights the need to wash hands as well as … Continue reading “Covid virus survives for 28 days on banknotes, phone screens, stainless steel-Study”

South Africa launches fourth industrial revolution classroom

London, Oct. 12, 2020 (AltAfrica)–A fourth industrial revolution classroom has been launched at the Get Ahead College in Komani, Eastern Cape. This will give learners a first-hand experience of the much talked about fourth industrial revolution. Eastern Cape launches fourth industrial revolution classroom (Image: File: SABC News) The classroom will introduce learners to the exciting world … Continue reading “South Africa launches fourth industrial revolution classroom”

World Food Programme to give financial support to 75,000 Ghanaians affected by coronavirus

London, Oct. 12, 2020 (AltAfrica)-About 75, 000 Ghanaians especially the vulnerable persons within Greater Accra and Ashanti Regions are to receive financial support to minimize the impact of COVID-19 on their livelihoods. World Food Programme to give financial support to 75,000 Ghanaians whose daily income have been badly affected by the impact of covid-19 lockdownThe Minister for … Continue reading “World Food Programme to give financial support to 75,000 Ghanaians affected by coronavirus”

Cambodian farmers deploy scarecrows to ward off coronavirus

London, Oct. 12, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Armed with a stick, a floral-shirted scarecrow with a plastic pot for a head stands guard in front of a rural Cambodian home — a sentry erected by superstitious farmers to ward off the coronavirus. Cambodian farmers deploy scarecrows to ward off coronavirus The majority-Buddhist kingdom has a strong strain of … Continue reading “Cambodian farmers deploy scarecrows to ward off coronavirus”

Researchers recommend daily washing of cloth masks to avoid virus infection

London, Oct. 11, 2020 (AltAfrica)-A new publication from researchers at UNSW Sydney advises daily washing of cloth masks to reduce the likelihood of contamination and transmission of viruses like SARS-CoV-2. New study reveals that cloth masks must be washed daily at high temperatures to be protective against infection, a newCloth masks must be washed daily at high … Continue reading “Researchers recommend daily washing of cloth masks to avoid virus infection”

My six months ordeal with al-Qaida terrorists-Freed Malian politician, Soumaila Cisse

London, Oct. 11, 2020 (AltAfrica)-The captors of Soumaila Cisse, the freed Malian politician kept him constantly on the move in the inhospitable desert, he told French television, describing his six months with al-Qaida-linked militants as “near permanent physical and moral isolation.” In this photo provided by the Mali Presidency, three-time Malian presidential candidate and ex-hostage … Continue reading “My six months ordeal with al-Qaida terrorists-Freed Malian politician, Soumaila Cisse”

Morocco, South Africa record 5,807 new covid-19 cases, 168 deaths

London, Oct. 11, 2020 (AltAfrica)-Renewed cases of covid-19 have continued to escalate in Morocco and South Africa as the two countries recorded nearly six thousand (5, 807) cases on Saturday . The two countries also recorded 168 covid-19 related deaths on same day Morocco, South Africa record 5,807 new covid-19 cases, 168 deaths The breakdown … Continue reading “Morocco, South Africa record 5,807 new covid-19 cases, 168 deaths”

British MPs get £3,500 pay rise while Brits suffer devastating Covid cuts

London, Oct. 10, 2020 (AltAfrica)-British government has sparked fury by ploughing ahead with plans to hike stay-at-home MPs’ salaries by more than £3,500. British MPs get £3,500 pay rise while Brits suffer devastating Covid cutsThe Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority faced calls to freeze politicians’ pay as the rest of the nation struggles in the Covid pandemic. … Continue reading “British MPs get £3,500 pay rise while Brits suffer devastating Covid cuts”